80/80, Copy and Convert
EBCDIC-Sequential to ASCII-Text
  Table of Contents  v-16.01.01 - zap00101.htm 
  Introduction
  EBCDIC-Sequential to ASCII-Text
  The CMD File
  The Process Control File
  The COBOL Program
  Summary
  Software Agreement and Disclaimer
  Downloads and Links
  Current Server or Internet Access
  Internet Access Required
  Glossary of Terms
  Comments or Feedback
  Company Overview
The SimoTime Home Page 

Table of Contents Previous Section Next Section Introduction

This is an example of how a Windows Command file and a generated COBOL program can read a sequential file that has been downloaded from a mainframe in EBCDIC format and write an ASCII, Text file. The COBOL source code was generated using SimoZAPS, a product of SimoTime Technologies. The SimoZAPS utility program also has the capability of reading, writing or converting between other file formats.

In the world of programming there are many ways to solve a problem. This program is provided as a COBOL example of one of the possible solutions to the problem of changing the contents and structure of data files.


We have made a significant effort to ensure the documents and software technologies are correct and accurate. We reserve the right to make changes without notice at any time. The function delivered in this version is based upon the enhancement requests from a specific group of users. The intent is to provide changes as the need arises and in a timeframe that is dependent upon the availability of resources.

Copyright © 1987-2019
SimoTime Technologies and Services
All Rights Reserved

Table of Contents Previous Section Next Section EBCDIC-Sequential to ASCII-Text

This program will read an EBCDIC, Sequential (QSAM) file and write an ASCII, Text file. This program will change both the content and format. The content will be translated from EBCDIC to ASCII. The format will be changed from fixed-record-length with no record delimiters to variable-record-length with the carriage-return, line-feed (CRLF or x'0D0A') characters being used as the record delimiter. This program was compiled and tested on the PC using Mainframe Express (with the non-mainframe dialect) and Net Express (refer to http://www.microfocus.com ). Since the organization of the output file (ZAP001D2) is specified as LINE SEQUENTIAL (the Micro Focus terminology for ASCII Text files) this program will not compile or execute on the mainframe.

Table of Contents Previous Section Next Section The CMD File

The following Windows command file (IVP4GFC1.cmd) is used to do the generation of the data conversion program.

@echo OFF
     set UtlName=IVP4GFC1
rem  * *******************************************************************
rem  *               IVP4GFC1.cmd - a Windows Command File               *
rem  *         This program is provided by SimoTime Technologies         *
rem  *           (C) Copyright 1987-2019 All Rights Reserved             *
rem  *             Web Site URL:   http://www.simotime.com               *
rem  *                   e-mail:   helpdesk@simotime.com                 *
rem  * *******************************************************************
rem  * This process will read the SYSCNTL1.TXT file and create the
rem  * ZAP001C1.CBL file using the SYSMASK1.TXT as a mask.
rem  * The SYSCNTL1.TXT file is expected to contains the specifications
rem  * for reading a sequential, 80-byte, fixed, EBCDIC file and creating
rem  * an ASCII/CRLF, 80-byte, variable, ASCII file that uses a
rem  * carriage-return and line-feed as a record separator.
rem  *
echo * IVP4GFC1 Starting the GENERATE function of SimoZAPS
     setlocal
     call EZMFPATH
     set SYSOUT=SYSOUT_%UtlName%.txt
     set JobStatus=0000
     set SimoNote=c:\SimoLIBR\LOGS\SimoTIME.LOG
     call :PostNote "************************************************************%UtlName%"
     call :PostNote "Starting JobName %UtlName%, User is %USERNAME%"
     set SYSCNTL=SYSCNTL1.pcf
     set SYSMODEL=SYSMASK1.txt
     set SYSCOBOL=DATAWRK1\ZAP001C1.cbl
     call :PostNote "SYSCNTL  is %SYSCNTL%"
     call :PostNote "SYSMODEL is %SYSMODEL%"
     call :PostNote "SYSCOBOL is %SYSCOBOL%"
     type %syscntl%
     run SIMOZAPS generate
     if ERRORLEVEL = 1 set JobStatus=0020
     if not "%JobStatus%" == "0000" goto EojNok
     goto :EojAok
rem  *
rem  ****************************************************************
rem  * Display the message and write to the log file using ECHO.
rem  * The ~ causes the leading/trailing double-quotes to be removed.
rem  *
:PostNote
     if "%SimoNote%" == "" set SimoNote=c:\SimoTime.LOG
     echo %date% %time% %~1            >> %SimoNote%
     echo * Ivp4Gfc1 %~1
     goto :EOF
rem  * The preceding  :EOF is a reserved word/label that returns to
rem  * the statement after the call to :PostNote.
rem  *
rem  ******************************************************************************
:EojNok
     call :PostNote "ABENDING JobName %UtlName%, Job Status is %JobStatus%..."
     goto :End
:EojAok
     call :PostNote "Finished JobName %UtlName%, Job Status is %JobStatus%..."
     echo * %UtlName% SYSCOBOL source is displayed in a separate window using NotePAD.
     echo * %UtlName% Thank you for using the GENERATE function by SimoTime Technologies
     if "%1" == "NOSHOW" goto :End
     start notepad %syscobol%
     goto :End
:End
     pause

Table of Contents Previous Section Next Section The Process Control File

The process control file (SYSCNTL1.pcf) provides the input specifications to generate a COBOL program that will do the actual data file conversion. The following is a listing of the content of the process control file.

***********************************************************************
*      SYSCNTL1.pcf - Process Control File, Input Specifications      *
*    This is an example of the convert specifications to generate a   *
*        Data File Conversion Program. This is used by SimoZAPS       *
*                        SimoTime Technologies                        *
*            (C) Copyright 1987-2016 All Rights Reserved              *
*              Web Site URL:   http://www.simotime.com                *
*                    e-mail:   helpdesk@simotime.com                  *
***********************************************************************
* SYSUT1 should be a sequential, 80-byte, fixed,    ebcdic file.      *
* SYSUT2 should be a ASCII/CRLF, 80-byte, variable, ascii file.       *
*                                                                     *
* The DIALECT statement specifies the use of COBOL/2 compliant code   *
* for the generated conversion program.                               *
*                                                                     *
* The TransLATE statement will move the input record of SYSUT1 to the *
* output record of SYSUT2 and then translate the output record of     *
* SYSUT2 from EBCDIC to ASCII based on the parameter specified in the *
* TransMODE Statement (E2A).                                          *
***********************************************************************
/DIALECT   C2
*HEAD34    ....:....1....:....2....:....3....
/HEAD34    EBC to ASC, Sequential to Text
/PROGID    ZAP001C1
/SYSUT1    name=ZAP001D1 org=SEQUENTIAL recfm=FIXED    rlen=80
/SYSUT2    name=ZAP001D2 org=ASCII/CRLF recfm=VARIABLE rlen=80
*
/TRANSMODE E2A
/TRANSINIT X'20'
/TRANSLATE from POS 1 LEN 80 to POS 1 LEN 80
*
/END

Table of Contents Previous Section Next Section The COBOL Program

The COBOL program that does the actual conversion is generated by the SimoZaps Utility program. This link provides a View of the COBOL Source Code and Copy File that does a file format and record content conversion from an EBCDIC encoded record sequential file to an ASCII/Text file.

Table of Contents Previous Section Next Section Summary

This is an example of how a Windows Command file and a generated COBOL program can read a sequential file that has been downloaded from a mainframe in EBCDIC format and write an ASCII, Text file. This document may be used to assist as a tutorial for new programmers or as a quick reference for experienced programmers.

In the world of programming there are many ways to solve a problem. This document and the links to other documents are intended to provide a greater awareness of the Data Management and Application Processing alternatives.

The documentation and software were developed and tested on systems that are configured for a SIMOTIME environment based on the hardware, operating systems, user requirements and security requirements. Therefore, adjustments may be needed to execute the jobs and programs when transferred to a system of a different architecture or configuration.

SIMOTIME Services has experience in moving or sharing data or application processing across a variety of systems. For additional information about SIMOTIME Services or Technologies please send an e-mail to: helpdesk@simotime.com or call 415 883-6565. We appreciate hearing from you.

Table of Contents Previous Section Next Section Software Agreement and Disclaimer

Permission to use, copy, modify and distribute this software, documentation or training material for any purpose requires a fee to be paid to SimoTime Technologies. Once the fee is received by SimoTime the latest version of the software, documentation or training material will be delivered and a license will be granted for use within an enterprise, provided the SimoTime copyright notice appear on all copies of the software. The SimoTime name or Logo may not be used in any advertising or publicity pertaining to the use of the software without the written permission of SimoTime Technologies.

SimoTime Technologies makes no warranty or representations about the suitability of the software, documentation or learning material for any purpose. It is provided "AS IS" without any expressed or implied warranty, including the implied warranties of merchantability, fitness for a particular purpose and non-infringement. SimoTime Technologies shall not be liable for any direct, indirect, special or consequential damages resulting from the loss of use, data or projects, whether in an action of contract or tort, arising out of or in connection with the use or performance of this software, documentation or training material.

Table of Contents Previous Section Next Section Downloads and Links

This section includes links to documents with additional information that is beyond the scope and purpose of this document. The first sub-section requires an internet connection, the second sub-section references locally available documents.

Note:  A SimoTime License is required for the items to be made available on a local server.

Table of Contents Previous Section Next Section Current Server or Internet Access

The following links may be to the current server or to the Internet.

Link to Internet   Link to Server   Explore the COBOL Connection for more examples of COBOL programming techniques and sample code.

Link to Internet   Link to Server   Explore the non-Relational Data Connection for more examples of accessing methodologies and coding techniques for Data Files and VSAM Data Sets.

Link to Internet   Link to Server   Explore The ASCII and EBCDIC Translation Tables. These tables are provided for individuals that need to better understand the bit structures and differences of the encoding formats.

Link to Internet   Link to Server   Explore The File Status Return Codes to interpret the results of accessing VSAM data sets and/or QSAM files.

The following is a list of some of the conversion programs created by the GENERATE function of SimoZAPS. These are provided as programming examples for COBOL.

Program Name  Description
zap00101 Convert from an EBCDIC-Sequential file to an ASCII-Text file.
zap00201 Convert from an EBCDIC-Sequential file to an ASCII-Indexed file (Sequential-Add).
zap00301 Convert from an EBCDIC-Sequential file to an ASCII-Sequential file.
zap00401 Convert from an ASCII-Text file to an EBCDIC-Indexed file (Sequential-Add).
zap00501 Convert from an ASCII-Text file to an EBCDIC-Indexed file (Random-Add).
  A List of Sample Conversion Programs Generated by SIMOZAPS

Table of Contents Previous Section Next Section Internet Access Required

The following links will require an internet connect.

A good place to start is The SimoTime Home Page for access to white papers, program examples and product information. This link requires an Internet Connection

Explore The Micro Focus Web Site for more information about products and services available from Micro Focus. This link requires an Internet Connection.

Table of Contents Previous Section Next Section Glossary of Terms

Check out  The SimoTime Glossary  for a list of terms and definitions used in the documents provided by SimoTime.

Table of Contents Previous Section Next Section Comments or Feedback

This document was created and is copyrighted and maintained by SimoTime Technologies.

If you have any questions, suggestions, comments or feedback please call at 1 415 827-7045 or send an e-mail to: helpdesk@simotime.com

We appreciate hearing from you.

Table of Contents Previous Section Next Section Company Overview

SimoTime Technologies was founded in 1987 and is a privately owned company. We specialize in the creation and deployment of business applications using new or existing technologies and services. We have a team of individuals that understand the broad range of technologies being used in today's environments. Our customers include small businesses using Internet technologies to corporations using very large mainframe systems.

Quite often, to reach larger markets or provide a higher level of service to existing customers it requires the newer Internet technologies to work in a complementary manner with existing corporate mainframe systems. We specialize in preparing applications and the associated data that are currently residing on a single platform to be distributed across a variety of platforms.

Preparing the application programs will require the transfer of source members that will be compiled and deployed on the target platform.

The data will need to be transferred between the systems and may need to be converted and validated at various stages within the process.

SimoTime has the technology, services and experience to assist in the application and data management tasks involved with doing business in a multi-system environment.

Whether you want to use the Internet to expand into new market segments or as a delivery vehicle for existing business functions simply give us a call at 1 415 827-7045 or send an e-mail to: helpdesk@simotime.com

Also, check the web site at http://www.simotime.com


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EBCDIC-Sequential to ASCII-Text, Installation Verification Program
Copyright © 1987-2019
SimoTime Technologies and Services
All Rights Reserved
When technology complements business
http://www.simotime.com